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Seminarios. Histórico

08.11.2012

"Wildlife and urbanization: how birds respond to anthropogenic noise". Henrik Brumm, Max Planck Institut für Ornithologie, Seewiesen, Alemania.

Jueves 8 de noviembre de 2012 a las 12h, Salón de Actos del Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales.

 

 

Título: Wildlife and urbanization: how birds respond to anthropogenic noise

 

Ponente: Henrik Brumm, Max Planck Institut für Ornithologie, Seewiesen, Alemania.

 

Presentado por: Diego Gil, Dpto. Ecología Evolutiva, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC

 

Resumen:

One aspect of the urban environment we all complain about is the increase in noise. But the din of modern cities is not only an annoyance to us humans (not to mention being damaging to our health), it also affects the life of wild animals that find themselves in an increasingly urban world. High levels of ambient noise are particularly problematic for animals that use sound to communicate, as it masks their signals and thus impairs the exchange of vital information.


This is the case, for instance, in many birds, where males use their songs to attract mates and to defend their territories against rivals. Recent research has shown, however, that birds are equipped with means to deal with some interference from environmental noise, for example by increasing their vocal amplitude. On the other hand, not all characteristics of urban bird songs are necessarily an adaptation to reduce acoustic masking but could also be epiphenomena of sound production mechanisms or the urban ecology of birds. Impairments of communication may eventually lead to reduced reproduction, which could affect entire bird populations. I will review the latest findings on how noise pollution may change avian communities. Overall, I advocate that future research on urban behaviour and ecology needs to go beyond correlational data, as we need experimental studies to recognize the causal role of human activities in altering ecological and evolutionary processes.

 

Seminario Henrik Brumm

Seminario disponible en CIENCIATK

 

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